It is a general belief particularly among upper caste Hindus that the caste Hindus are the original inhabitants of this land. They very strongly feel that only Muslims were invaders and that they plundered India. Historically this is absolutely wrong. Except perhaps Adivasis, all are invaders and settlers. Some came 3000 years ago while some others 1000 years ago. But invaders they all are! And all conquerors plunder. There is no exception. Aryans did it. So did others.
India is a land of invaders. The first to invade this country were the central Asian tibes called aryans. They were nomads. They were swift in warfare because they rode horses. They hardly new agriculture and had no regard for ecology. The earlier inhabitants were far too advanced in agriculture and irrigation. They destroyed our city civilisations, such as Harappa and Mohonjedaro.
I qoute from the web site www.india.gov.in/knowindia . “
“By 1500 BC, the Harappan culture came to an end. Among various causes ascribed to the decay of Indus Valley Civilization are the invasion by the Aryans, the recurrent floods and other natural causes like earthquake, etc.”
One wonders why Shri Krishna and Arjuna destroyed the kandhava forest by burning it down.
I quote from Yuganta, a book by Irawati Karve. “How could Arjuna, whoprided himself on his name Bibhastu—one who does not do anything repulsive—indulge in this cruel hunt?”
They did not allow a single life to escape. If someone knows the reasons, please enlighten me.
Persians invaded around 500 B.C.Darius overran the Indus valley.the solar cult of Hindus is a Persian import.
Then came Kushans from Afghanistan, who claimed their descent from Sun or moon. They called themselves Suryavanshi and Chandravanshi respectively. They were accommodated and later assimilated as Khyatriyas. The present day Rajputs claim to be their descendents.
The next invaders were Greeks around 300 B.C. Greek invasions was a passing phenomenon.after Greeks came Sakas or synthians. Followed byParthians and Kushans around 100 A.D. One of the rulers of Kushans, Kanishka gave India a new calenderbeginning with his accenssion in 78 A.D.
o India (in India: Central Asian rulers) The Bactrian control of Taxila was disturbed by an intrusion of the Scythians, known in Indian sources as the Sakas. They had attacked the kingdom of Bactria and subsequently moved into India. The determination of the Han rulers of China to keep the Central Asian nomadic tribes (the Hsiung-nu, Wu-sun, and Yüeh-chih) out of China forced these nomadic tribes in their search for fresh...
o India (in India: The Andhras and their successors) ...the kingdom reaching across the northern Deccan; subsequent to this the Satavahanas suffered an eclipse in the 1st century AD, when they were forced out of the northern Deccan by the Sakas and settled in Andhra. In the 2nd century AD, the Satavahanas reestablished their power in the northwestern Deccan, as evidenced by Saka coins from this region...
About 135 BC a loose confederation of five Central Asian nomadic tribes known as the Yuezhi wrested Bactria from the Bactrian Greeks. These tribes united under the banner of the Kushan (Kusana), one of the five tribes, and conquered the Afghan area. The zenith of Kushan power was reached in the 2nd century AD under King Kaniska (c. AD 78–144), whose empire stretched from Mathura in north-central India beyond Bactria as far as the frontiers of China in Central Asia.
Also spelled Ephthalite, member of a people important in the history of India and Persia during the 5th and 6th centuries AD. According to Chinese chronicles they were originally a tribe living to the north of the Great Wall and were known as Hoa or Hoa-tun. Elsewhere they were called White Huns or Hunas. They had no cities or system of writing, lived in felt tents, and practiced polyandry.
In the 5th and 6th centuries the Hephthalites repeatedly invaded Persia and India. In the middle of the 6th century under the attacks of the Turks they ceased to exist as a separate people and were probably absorbed in the surrounding population. Nothing is known of their language.
The earliest systematic description of the Huns is that given by the historian Ammianus Marcellinus, writing c. 395. They were apparently primitive pastoralists who knew nothing of agriculture. They had no settled homes and no kings; each group was led by primates, as Ammianus called them. Whether or not they had a single overall leader in the 4th century is still a matter of dispute.
The Hephthalites, who invaded Iran and India in the 5th and 6th centuries, and the Hsiung-nu, known earlier to the Chinese, are sometimes called Huns, but their relationship to the invaders of Europe is uncertain.
The invaders were accommodated because the local kings were weak and the invading armies were strong. Later they were assimilated within the Hindu hierarchy.
Then there were invasions by Afghans, Turks, Arabs and mongols. They all happened to be Muslims. But they also settled down in India like the earlier invaders.
But the subsequent invaders—British, Portigese and French—did not make India their home. They ruled here as representatives of their respective kings.
A majority of Muslims in India are converts from shudra caste or from those who were outside the four-fold Hindu society. They converted for various reasons including social and monetary considerations. Who does not want to upgrade oneself socially?
So, since majority of Indian Muslims are converts from ‘dasas, ashuras and rakshasas, they are the originnal inhabitants of India.
Does anyone say that jyoti Basu is not an Indian because he has taken to foreign ideology?